A collection of pus. Usually forms because of infection.
A tooth or tooth structure that anchors a bridge or denture.
A silver-colored filling material that contains about 50% mercury, along with smaller amounts of silver, copper, tin, and other metals.
An agent that causes temporary loss of sensation/feeling.
The front part of the mouth.
The end of a tooth root.
Free of microorganisms.
Tooth wear from normal activities such as chewing.
An injury that causes a tooth to be completely knocked out of the mouth.
A kind of dental x-ray which is taken with the teeth biting together. Mainly used to detect cavities between teeth and the height of supporting bone.
Whitening of teeth, usually with peroxide
A prosthesis which is cemented in the mouth to replace missing teeth.
Habitual teeth clenching and grinding, often during sleep.
In each dental quadrant, the third tooth from the middle of the jaw. They’re the longest teeth in humans.
An ulceration with yellow base and red border in mouth, caused by trauma or the herpes simplex virus.
A hole on the tooth.
A model of teeth.
The process of “gluing” a restoration or prosthetic in place.
An antimicrobial agent that’s particularly effective for controlling gum disease.
A small arm extending from a removable partial denture which holds onto natural tooth structure to keep the partial in place.
An ulcer or blister on lip. A form of herpes simplex.
Tooth-colored filling material.
An abnormal bite relationship of upper and lower jaw, where the lower teeth align toward the cheek or tongue instead of with the upper teeth.
A cap that covers a tooth above the gum line to restore its function and longevity. Crowns can be made from metal, composite, or ceramic/porcelain.
The destruction of teeth from acids made by bacteria. An infection within a tooth that must be treated.
A branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of any disease concerning teeth, the mouth, and associated structures.
The position, type, and number of teeth in upper and lower jaws.
A device that replaces missing teeth and their neighboring structures. There are many different types, which address different treatment requirements and patient preferences: complete, partial, removable, fixed, provisional, temporary, and more.
One who specializes in fabricating dentures but does not provide diagnosis or any other treatment.
A procedure to reduce tooth sensitivity.
The process of identifying dental disease or dysfunction.
A space between two adjacent teeth.
The direction away from the middle of the jaw.
Having no teeth.
The dental specialty that focuses on diseases of the dental pulp (where the nerves and blood vessels are inside a tooth).
The process of the tooth appearing in the mouth.
The action of cutting something off.
When a tooth is pushed partially out of the socket.
A restoration placed on a tooth to restore its function and appearance.
A temporary denture to replace missing teeth during the waiting period for long term treatment.
A thread or tape used to clean between teeth.
A break or crack in a tooth’s enamel or dentin. It’s possible for a crack to extend into the root and damage the pulp.
A metal skeleton of a removable partial denture to support the false teeth and the plastic attachments.
The mildest form of gum disease, an infection. The earliest sign is bleeding gums.
The stopping of bleeding.
A condition where a tooth can’t come in normally or is stuck underneath another tooth or bone.
A device put in the jaw bone to support a false tooth, denture, or bridge.
A mold taken by some jelly-like material loaded on a tray.
The cutting edge of front teeth.
A front tooth. There are four incisors in each dental arch, upper and lower.
A restoration made in the lab that cements on a tooth like a missing puzzle piece, restoring the normal look and function of the tooth. It can be made of composite, ceramic, or gold.
The space between two adjacent teeth.
The direction towards the tongue.
The direction towards the middle of the jaw.
The three furthest back teeth in the mouth. There are 12 total, one set of three in each quadrant.
A device to be worn in the mouth to prevent injury to the teeth and/or jaw during sports or bruxing (habitual clenching and grinding of teeth).
A mouthguard which is worn during sleep.
The biting surface of the back teeth.
The way the upper and lower teeth come together. The bite.
A restoration that covers the whole biting surface of a tooth.
The situation where the upper teeth don’t make contact with the opposing lower teeth.
The dental specialty that involves the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of bite abnormalities or facial irregularities.
When the upper teeth overlap the lower during biting.
Filling material that hangs beyond the border of the cavity.
The roof of the mouth.
Panoramic x-ray (“pano”)
A wide view x-ray of the upper and lower jaw and their associated structures.
An opening on a tooth or other oral structure.
The area surrounding of the bottom of a tooth root.
The dental specialty that involves the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of gum (periodontal) disease.
Adult teeth, the first of which comes in around age 6.
A piece of “nail-like” metal, usually is used for better retention of a filling.
A process to make the tooth, restoration, or prosthetic smooth and glossy.
The false tooth in a bridge or denture that replaces the missing tooth.
A big pin which can be made with different materials such as metal or carbon, usually used to support a big buildup on a tooth.
The back part of the mouth.
An approval given – in dentistry, usually by your insurance company – before any treatment is carried out.
Medication to be taken before treatment.
The two teeth located in front of the first molar in each quadrant. There are 8 total.
A written statement from a doctor to a pharmacist regarding the type and amount of a medication, along with how it’s to be taken. In dentistry, a prescription can also be a written statement from a dentist to a lab technician regarding preparation of an appliance.
A dental cleaning and polishing. The word also refers to the prevention of disease.
A device that replaces missing teeth and their associated structures.
The dental specialty that involves the diagnosis, treatment planning, and fabrication of artificial devices to replace missing teeth and their associated structures.
The innermost part of a tooth, which contains a tooth’s nerves and blood vessels.
The removal of the whole dental pulp.
The removal of the top part of the dental pulp.
The regular exam and cleaning appointment.
The process of “gluing” a restoration or prosthetic back in place.
A fabrication that restores the normal function of a tooth, such as a filling or crown, inlay or onlay.
In orthodontic treatment, a device used to maintain the position of teeth.
The process of repeating a root canal treatment.
The bottom part of tooth, which anchors the tooth. Nerve endings and blood vessels extending from it connects the tooth to the body’s circulatory and nervous systems.
The chamber within the root that contains the nerves and blood vessels.
Root canal treatment
When the pulp is deeply decayed or damaged, it may be removed and the root canals disinfected. The empty chamber is filled with the rubbery substance and the tooth is capped with a filling or crown.
A procedure for cleaning tooth roots.
A rubber square used to isolate a treatment area from the rest of the mouth.
Cleaning teeth below the gumline.
A thin layer of plastic-like material used to prevent caries by covering a tooth’s grooves and pits.
The use of medication to calm a patient.
An appliance to keep space between teeth.
An appliance to prevent potentially damaging movement.
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
The joint that links the two parts of the jaw.
Torus (plural: tori)
An outgrowth of bone, usually on the roof of the mouth or around the lower premolars.
A layer of tooth-colored material that attaches to the front of the tooth, usually to improve appearance. Veneers can be made from composite or ceramic/porcelain.
The furthest back tooth in the jaw, one per quadrant.